Time: 10 minutes
For items 1–10 listen to a man talking about the sport of elephant polo and decide whether the statements 1–10 are TRUE according to the text you hear (A), or FALSE (B), or the information on the statement is NOT STATED in the text (C). You will hear the text twice.
- Elephant polo is the fastest game in the world.
- The length of the pitch and the width of the goals are the same as in football.
- There are two people sitting astride an elephant in a game of elephant polo.
- Using trunks during a game is prohibited to avoid suffocation of the animals.
- The number of goals which a team might score depends on sheer luck.
- Left-handed women can use both hands.
- When a player misses the ball, the elephant lies down across the goal.
- Elephants with attitude problems do not take part in polo games as it might be risky.
- At half-time, players exchange their elephants and mahouts with the other team, which is an old tradition.
- Indian elephants are preferred over African ones due to their large stature.
For items 1–10 listen to a man talking about the sport of elephant polo and decide whether the statements 1–10 are TRUE according to the text you hear (A), or FALSE (B), or the information on the statement is NOT STATED in the text (C). You will hear the text twice. You have 20 seconds to look through the statements.
(pause 20 seconds)
Now we begin
Of course, polo is normally played on horses, and it’s a very fast game. Well, we don’t claim that elephant polo is the fastest game in the world, but we always maintain it’s the biggest. The elephants do actually enjoy polo. Definitely. It’s a lot of fun for them because they’re social animals, and a polo tournament is a week when dozens of elephants meet up, many from the same family, like a reunion. And of course they get fed extremely well — better than in their normal life. They use up a lot of energy and get through masses of sugar cane, especially at half-time.
The players sit on elephants and hit a white wooden ball, using a long bamboo stick that has a polo mallet head on the end of it. The pitch is about three-quarters the length of a football pitch, and the goals are the same width as football goals. There’s a basic saddle and the players are strapped onto the elephants.
We’ve never had a serious accident. A mahout — an elephant handler — sits behind each player and guides the elephant. Sometimes the mahouts have their own games, guiding the elephant and hitting the ball as well. That takes incredible skill.
During a game, if the ball hits an elephant, that’s fine. Their legs are quite thick and they do get in the way. Quite often they will kick the ball so they can run after it. They’re not allowed to pick up the ball with their trunks, though they sometimes try. That would be a free hit to the other side.
There are four elephants per team in a tournament, plus the referee’s elephant — that’s nine on the pitch at any one time. We usually have sixteen animals available on any given day, in four teams. There are two halves, called chukkas, in a game of elephant polo, the same as in normal polo. We play ten minutes of actual play. Whenever the whistle blows, the clock stops. A novice team might score one or two goals, if they’re lucky, while an advanced team might score about ten.
The polo rules are that a man can only hold the stick with his right arm, even if he is left-handed. Women can use both hands. Using the stick is hard work, because it’s long and the head is heavy. By the end of the game, your arm will be aching. But it’s an easy game to pick up with a little practice.
During the game, you chase after the ball on your elephant, going quite quickly, and you can easily miss it, though the elephant will often help you out with his foot. The elephants usually supply the entertainment. They might decide to lie down across the goal for fun but that’s an absolute no-no.
Ultimately it’s about elephants charging up and down the pitch, scoring great goals themselves and having a lot of fun. If the elephants didn’t enjoy it, or if there was any form of misbehaving, they would be removed from the game — sent off, if you like. It’s not worth risking an elephant with an attitude problem.
You get all sorts. You get big elephants that are a bit older and wiser, and we use a lot of small ones that can be exceptionally quick. We try to remove what you might call the elephant factor by swapping elephants and mahouts with the other team at halftime. If you’ve got elephants that don’t normally live together, there can be some tension. The sport always uses Indian elephants. The problem with African ones is that their ears get in the way. And they’re much taller.
You have 20 seconds to check your answers. (pause 20 seconds)
Now listen to the text again. (text repeated)
This is the end of the listening comprehension task.
USE OF ENGLISH
Time: 20 minutes
Task 1. Questions 1–10
For items 1–10, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. There is an example at the beginning (0).
BEING A TEACHER
|Without a doubt, (0) … is one of the oldest professions||TEACH|
|and one of the most (1) ….||CHALLENGE|
|To be a good teacher, you need certain qualities such as (2) …, understanding and patience.||MATURE|
|Teachers must also be good communicators if they are to convey (3) … to their students.||KNOW|
|Language teachers in particular have to be aware of all the skills students need to communicate (4) … with others.||SUCCESS|
|As well as being (5) … to students’ needs,||SENSE|
|teachers also need to be (6) … and approachable while at the same time maintaining high standards of discipline in the classroom.||HELP|
|Perhaps most (7) … of all,||IMPORTANT|
|teachers need to keep themselves well-informed about current (8) … in their field and the world in general in order to give their best.||DEVELOP|
|However, although it can be difficult when teachers find themselves (9) … to help students outside of class,||ABLE|
|they (10) … try to help everyone in class.||CONSTANT|
Task 2. Questions 11–20
For items 11–20, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. Use from three to five words. The number of words you should put in the gap is specified in each case. Do NOT use contracted forms. There is an example at the beginning ().
Example: 0. “Let’s go to the cinema on Sunday,” said Ann.
Ann_____ _____ ____ ____ to the cinema on Sunday. (4 words)
|wanted us to go|
- Karen failed to persuade the landlord to change the locks.
Karen ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ the landlord to change the locks. (5 words)
- His doctor advised him to reduce the amount of caffeine he consumed.
He was advised ____ ____ ____ ____ the amount of caffeine he consumed. (4 words)
- Perhaps they went the wrong way and got lost.
They ____ ____ ____ the wrong way and got lost. (3 words)
- Her employer will not tolerate her tardiness any longer.
Her employer will not ____ ____ ____ her tardiness any longer. (3 words)
- All the employees received a pay cheque apart from Charles.
Charles was the ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ receive a pay cheque. (5 words)
- The candidate definitely will not win the election.
The candidate has got ____ ____ ____ ____ the election. (4 words)
- I got the job because I knew the manager.
If I had not known the manager, I ____ ____ ____ ____ the job. (4 words)
- He said he was sorry he had yelled at his sister.
He ____ ____ ____ at his sister. (3 words)
- She got the part even though she did not have much acting experience.
In ____ ____ ____ ____ much acting experience, she got the part. (4 words)
- He studied history because he wanted to be a teacher.
He studied history ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ a teacher. (5 words)
Подсчёт баллов за все конкурсы
Listening. Максимальное количество баллов – 10. Задания проверяются по ключам. Каждый правильный ответ
оценивается в 1 балл. За неверный ответ или отсутствие ответа выставляется 0 баллов.
Reading. Максимальное количество баллов – 15. Задания проверяются по ключам. Каждый правильный ответ
оценивается в 1 балл. За неверный ответ или отсутствие ответа выставляется 0 баллов.
Use of English. Максимальное количество баллов – 20. Задания 1–20 проверяются по ключам. Каждый правильный
ответ оценивается в 1 балл. За неверный ответ или отсутствие ответа выставляется 0 баллов. Орфография
учитывается. Если допущена орфографическая ошибка в ответе, балл не начисляется.
Writing. Максимальное количество баллов – 15. Задание оценивается по Критериям оценивания.
При подведении итогов баллы за все конкурсы суммируются.
Максимальное количество баллов за все конкурсы – 60.
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